UC Observer logo
UCObserver on SoundCloud UCObserver on YouTube UCObserver on Facebook UCObserver on Twitter UCObserver's RSS Feeds

Mystical Brain

Scientists survey the 'no man’s land' between science and religion

By Drew Halfnight

Mystical Brain
Directed by Isabelle Raynauld

After many years at war, the captains of science and religion are finally coming together at conferences and symposia to establish small truces.

Those in lab coats have acknowledged and begun to study mystical experience, while those in robes have conceded that science sheds light on God, revealing God’s beauty and deepening God’s mystery.

It’s a shaky détente, with hard-liners on both sides constantly threatening to take up arms.

Mystical Brain, a short documentary by University of Montreal film historian Isabelle Raynauld, surveys the no man’s land between science and religion, where people from both camps are teaming up to learn how the brain looks during prayer, meditation and other “mystical” practices.

One team, led by University of Montreal researcher Mario Beauregard, records brain waves of praying Carmelite nuns, showing a correlation between states of prayer and certain brain activity. From there, Beauregard leaps to the conclusion that human beings are “defined and controlled” not only by electrical and chemical processes but by spiritual processes, too. (A journalist accuses Beauregard of exploiting science to validate religion — perhaps a fair charge.)

In the materialist camp is the eccentric Michael Persinger of Laurentian University in Sudbury, Ont., who believes religious experiences are neural phenomena. Persinger uses something he calls the God helmet — go-karting headgear rigged up with electromagnets — to induce states of religious epiphany “without the baggage” of institutional religion.

The film also features the work of Richard Davidson, whose team at the University of Wisconsin-Madison has shown, through brain imaging, that physiological changes take place during meditation. Buddhist monk Matthieu Ricard is shown answering questions about meditation while Davidson’s team blankets his naked scalp with dozens of white electrodes.

Mystical Brain is a light introduction to a heavy topic, showing the personalities and perspectives at the centre of the debate over the nature of the soul.

Tufts University philosopher and noted secularist Daniel Dennett, who provides musings throughout, says scientists and spiritualists have in common a passion for understanding. “Science at its best is very spiritual. Very spiritual,” he says, while religion, freed from the bonds of doctrine, is genetic.

Now, if only the warring parties would agree to this in writing.


Drew Halfnight is a writer in Guelph, Ont.


Author's photo
Drew Halfnight is a father, journalist and high school teacher in Toronto.
Readers’ advisory: The discussion below is moderated by The UC Observer and facilitated by Intense Debate (ID), an online commentary system. The Observer reserves the right to edit or reject any comment it deems to be inappropriate. Approved comments may be further edited for length, clarity and accuracy, and published in the print edition of the magazine. Please note: readers do not need to sign up with ID to post their comments on ucobserver.org. We require only your user name and e-mail address. Your comments will be posted from Monday to Friday between 9:30 a.m. and 5:30 p.m. Join the discussion today!
Promotional Image

Editorials

David Wilson%

Observations

by David Wilson

A perfect send-off

Promotional Image

Video

ObserverDocs: My Year of Living Spiritually

by Observer Staff

Anne Bokma left the Dutch Reformed Church as a young adult and eventually became a member of the United Church and then the Unitarian Universalists. Having long explored the "spiritual but not religious" (SBNR) demographic as a writer, she decided to immerse herself in SBNR practices for 12 months to find both enlightenment and entertainment.

Promotional Image

Society

November 2017

Trump country

by David Macfarlane

A northern Alabama county voted almost unanimously for Donald Trump in 2016. One year later, the writer, together with photographer Nigel Dickson, travels there to try to understand why.

Faith

November 2017

Involuntary pilgrim

by David Giuliano

The return of a tumour sets David Giuliano on a path he calls his ‘Camino de Cancer’

Faith

October 2017

A tale of two cancers

by Catherine Gordon

One year after the writer discovered she had breast cancer, her sister in California received the same diagnosis. They both recovered, but their experiences were worlds apart.

Society

November 2017

Trump country

by David Macfarlane

A northern Alabama county voted almost unanimously for Donald Trump in 2016. One year later, the writer, together with photographer Nigel Dickson, travels there to try to understand why.

Faith

November 2017

Involuntary pilgrim

by David Giuliano

The return of a tumour sets David Giuliano on a path he calls his ‘Camino de Cancer’

Faith

November 2017

Grey matter

by Trisha Elliott

Is consciousness just a function of the brain — or something more?

Promotional Image